From population genomics to conservation and management: a workflow for targeted analysis of markers identified using genome-wide approaches in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar

T. Aykanat, M. Lindqvist, V. L. Pritchard, C. R. Primmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A genotyping assay for the Ion Torrent Ion PGM platform was developed for fast and cost-effective targeted genotyping of key single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) earlier identified using a genome-wide SNP array in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. The method comprised a simple primer design step for multiplex-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), followed by two rounds of Ion Torrent Ion PGM sequencing to empirically evaluate marker efficiency in large multiplexes and to optimise or exclude them when necessary. Of 282 primer pairs initially tested, 217 were successfully amplified, indicating good amplification success (>75%). These markers included the sdy partial gene product to determine genetic sex, as well as three additional modules comprising SNPs for assessing neutral genetic variation (NSNP = 150), examining functional genetic variation associated with sea age at maturity (NSNP = 5), and for performing genetic subpopulation assignment (NSNP = 61). The assay was primarily developed to monitor long-term genetic changes in S. salar from the Teno River, but modules are likely suitable for application in a wide range of S. salar populations. Furthermore, the fast and versatile assay development pipeline offers a strategy for developing targeted sequencing assays in any species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2658-2679
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2016

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Keywords

  • diagnostic SNPs
  • genotyping by sequencing
  • multiplex
  • primer design
  • sea age at maturity

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