C-FABP or E-FABP is a metastasis inducing gene over expressed in human prostate carcinomas. To study its prognostic significance, an archival set of prostate tissues was analysed immunohistochemically. Levels of both nuclear and cytoplasmic C-FABP expression in carcinoma cells were significantly higher than those in normal and BPH tissues and the increased C-FABP was significantly associated with a reduced patient survival time. To test the therapeutic potential of targeting C-FABP, a clone (Si-clone-2) of cells was established by interfering C-FABP expression in highly malignant PC-3M cells. Suppression of C-FABP in cancer cells significantly inhibited their proliferation and tumourigenicity in vitro. When Si-clone-2 cells were orthotopically implanted into the prostate gland of mouse, 2/13 mice produced primary tumours with an average size of 23+/-5 mg, and no metastasis was produced in any of the 13 animals. Whereas in the control group, all 14 mice produced primary tumours with an average size of 1450+/-370 mg and 9/14 (64.3%) produced metastasis. When inoculated subcutaneously, all 5 mice inoculated with control cells developed tumours from day 4, with an average size of 1471+/-544 mm(3) at 5 weeks after the inoculation; whereas Si-clone-2 cells produced no tumours in any of the 5 animals at any time-point, indicating the suppression occurred at the initiation stage. Our results suggest that C-FABP may be used as a potential prognostic marker to predict patient outcome and the increased C-FABP expression is a possible target to inhibit the malignant progression of prostate cancer cells.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2008|
- Cell Line, Tumor
- Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
- Prostatic Neoplasms
- RNA, Small Interfering