Experience-based Modifications of the Bed Band ReAlised through Co-dEsign (EMBRACE)

Michelle Beattie, Kevin Muirhead, Roma Gibb, Fiona Ross, Leah Macaden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Upper body limitations are a common disability in neurological conditions including stroke and multiple sclerosis. Care of patients with upper body limitations while in bed involves positioning techniques to maximise comfort and independence. The Bed Band is a nurse-led innovation to support people with limited mobility to maintain a comfortable position in bed, thereby promoting comfort and independence with activities of daily living. Aim To co-design and implement adaptations to the Bed Band prototype with recommendations for user instructions towards enhanced product design and future development. Methods A co-design approach involving collaboration between academic and industry partners. Expert stakeholders provided feedback on the Bed Band via an online focus group before healthy volunteers tested the product in a healthcare simulation suite. Data were thematically analysed and findings sense checked by expert stakeholders who then prioritised adaptations to the Bed Band using a modified Delphi technique. Results Three themes resulted from the analysis: (1) reaction to the Bed Band; (2) potential risks and mitigation; and (3) product adaptations. Simplicity was a strength of the innovation which easily enabled positional support. Adaptations to the Bed Band informed the development of an enhanced prototype for testing in future studies. Conclusion Co-design of the Bed Band prototype involving experts and healthy volunteers enabled early identification of potential risks with recommendations to mitigate them and priority adaptations. Further studies are required in hospital patients and community populations with upper mobility issues to determine the efficacy of the Bed Band and optimal duration of use.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002614
JournalBMJ Open Quality
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2024


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