Examination of policies and MEAs commitment by SIDS for sustainable management of the Caribbean Sea

A Singh, Laurence Mee

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The Caribbean Sea hosts twenty-seven small island developing states (SIDS), some of which utilise their marine resources found in the Caribbean Sea for economic gains. Many of the economic activities such as tourism, shipping and industrial development are currently incompatible with a healthy and sustainable marine environment. Sewage, agricultural effluents and hydrocarbon pollution resulting from these economic activities have led to degradation of this large marine ecosystem. In in effort to address these issues; policies, programmes and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) were initiated in order to regionalise the response efforts. These include efforts such the Cartagena Convention, the integrated watershed and coastal area management (IWCAM) initiative and pollution assessment among others. This paper reviews the regional responses by the SIDS and other agencies in dealing with pollution from land and marine-based activities and biodiversity loss via these initiatives. The findings showed that the region lack the commitment needed as demonstrated by the poor ratification rate of major MEAs, disjointed programmes and strong political influences. These have proven ineffective in curbing degradation in the sea. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-282
Number of pages9
JournalMAR POL
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • International Relations
  • Environmental Studies


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