Evaluation of redox indicators and the use of digital scanners and spectrophotometer for quantification of microbial growth in microplates.

Jenny Gabrielson, Mark Hart, Inger Kuhn, Roland Mollby, J Douglas McKenzie, Anna Jarelov

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The growth indicators 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), 2-[4-iodophenyl]-3-[4-dinitrophenyl]-5-phenyltetrazolium chloride (INT). 2,3-bis[2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt (XTT), 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), and resazurin were tested for their ability to indicate bacterial growth/growth inhibition. Two reading devices were evaluated and compared, a microplate spectrophotometer and a digital flatbed scanner. The bacteria used in the study were cultivated in 96-wells microplates and readings were made after 24 It. The scanned pictures were analysed with a software developed in-house to generate numerical values. It was found that resazurin was difficult to use since it shifts between three colours. MTT and TTC had a high correlation between the spectrophotometer data and the data from the scanned images. The reproducibility was similar for both reading devices. In no case was there a need to resuspend the pellets before reading. Both the XTT and INT showed lower correlations. It is concluded that bacterial growth/growth inhibition can be easily and reproducibly measured from microplate cultivations with a flatbed scanner or with a microplate spectrophotometer, (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-73
Number of pages11
Issue number0
Publication statusPublished - 2002



  • Microbiology
  • Biochemical Research Methods

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