Evaluation of a formal care worker educational intervention on pressure ulceration in the community

Carol Cross, Jenny Hindley, Nicola Carey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Aims and objectives: To develop and evaluate an educational intervention for formal care workers on pressure ulceration in the community. Background: Pressure ulcers are a major burden to health care and with an ageing population likely to increase. Formal care workers are ideally placed to identify high risk but lack standardised educational provision. Design: An insider approach to action research in one provider organisation, November 2014–May 2015. Methods: Number and categorisation of pressure ulcers, within three community nursing teams before and four months after intervention was delivered to a purposive sample (n = 250) of formal care workers, were assessed and the taught element evaluated using a questionnaire and verbal feedback. Results: Total number of pressure ulcers reduced from 28–20, category II, 19–11, III unchanged at 6 and IV from 2–0 following the educational intervention. Key risk factors included impaired mobility (71%), urinary incontinence (61%) and previous pressure damage (25%), and 71% had formal care worker input. The intervention was highly rated 4·95/5 by 215 (86%) formal care workers in the evaluation questionnaire. Conclusions: Formal care workers receive little, if any, education on pressure ulceration. An educational intervention can have a positive effect within community care, with the potential to reduce direct costs of care. However, a standardised approach to education is required; an urgent review of the education provision to formal care workers, in the UK and around the world, is therefore essential if the potential that formal care workers offer is to be realised. Relevance to clinical practice: Formal care workers are ideally placed to help identify and alert healthcare professionals about patients at high risk of developing pressure ulcers. If this potential is to be realised, a standardised approach to education is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2614-2623
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Issue number17-18
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017


  • community care
  • educational intervention
  • formal care workers
  • pressure ulceration


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