European expansion of the introduced amphipod Caprella mutica Schurin 1935

Elizabeth J. Cook, Marlene Jahnke, Francis Kerckhof, Dan Minchin, Marco Faasse, Karin Boos, Gail Ashton

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35 Citations (Scopus)
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The amphipod Caprella mutica is one of the most rapidly invading species in Europe and has extended its range throughout North Sea and Celtic Sea coasts and the English Channel in less than fourteen years. It was first described from sub-boreal areas of north-east Asia in 1935 and has since spread to both northern and southern hemispheres. The first European record was from The Netherlands in 1994. Since then it has spread within the North Sea and later to the west coast of Scotland and to Ireland. C. mutica is frequently associated with man-made structures and is found in abundance on boat hulls, navigation/ offshore buoys, floating pontoons and aquaculture infrastructure. It is highly likely that its dispersal is associated with vessel movements whilst attached to hull fouling. This species is expected to colonise the west coasts of France and Spain and offshore islands in the north-east Atlantic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-421
Number of pages11
JournalAquatic Invasions
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007


  • Biological invasion
  • Caprella mutica
  • Caprellid
  • Crustacean
  • Distribution
  • Europe


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