We have developed a multi-species microbial assay, MARA, for assessing the (eco)toxic risks of chemical compounds and for the determination of their toxic fingerprints. The main advantages with MARA are (1) the simultaneous testing on several microbial strains; (2) the concept of toxic fingerprinting; (3) the simple and inexpensive. handling and reading of the test. The toxic activity is measured in parallel on I I different micro-organisms lyophilised in a microplate. A concentration gradient of the chemical to be tested is added and growth is indicated through the reduction of tetrazolium red (TTC). The microplates are read by a common flatbed scanner or a microplate spectrophotometer. The array of the 11 different inhibition values constitute a toxic fingerprint, characteristic for each type of chemical compound, and it is shown that the assay can distinguish between 12 standard chemicals. Both the reproducibility (CV approximate to 20%) and the sensitivity are similar to other toxicity tests based on micro-organisms. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
- TOXICITY TESTS
- Chemistry, Analytical