Encapsulation dehydration colligative cryoprotective strategies and amplified fragment length polymorphism markers to verify the identity and genetic stability of Euglenoids following cryopreservation

Keith Harding, Julia Mueller, Hella Timmermann, Maike Lorenz, John G. Day, Thomas Friedl

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An encapsulation/dehydration procedure was developed for Euglena gracilis Klebs as a `model alga' to examine various cryoprotective regimes combined with controlled rate cooling to cryopreserve other Euglenoid taxa. Cryoprotective variables were optimised to enable reproducible growth following a combination of alginate encapsulation, sucrose osmotic dehydration, air desiccation, methanol treatment, cooling to -40 degrees C and plunging into liquid nitrogen (LN). Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) analysis was adapted to: (i) verify algal identity by discriminating between different Euglenoids and (ii) examine the genetic stability of algal cultures prior to various stages of cryoprotective treatments and following exposure to LN. AFLPs were highly reproducible (>99 as reliable diagnostic markers, where a single DNA fragment change accounted for similar to 0.4% of the detectable variation in an AFLP pattern. AFLP changes were detected in cryoprotective treatments following LN exposure. Successive stages of the dehydration and desiccation treatments did not accumulate AFLP changes indicating these are random events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-472
Number of pages13
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010



  • AFLP
  • cryopreservation
  • encapsulation dehydration
  • genetic stability
  • microalgae

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