Emulsifying and metal ion binding activity of a glycoprotein exopolymer produced by Pseudoalteromonas sp. strain TG12

Tony Gutierrez, Tracy Shimmield, Cheryl Haidon, Kenny Black, David Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we describe the isolation and characterization of a new exopolymer that exhibits high emulsifying activities against a range of oil substrates, and demonstrates a differential capacity to desorb various mono-, di- and tri-valent metal species from marine sediment under non-ionic and seawater ionic strength conditions. This polymer, PE12, was produced by a new isolate, Pseudoalteromonas sp. strain TG12 (accession number EF685033), during growth in a modified Zobell's 2216 medium (ZM/1) amended with 1% glucose. Chemical and chromatographic analysis showed it to be a high molecular weight (>2,000 kDa) glycoprotein composed of carbohydrate (32.3%) and protein (8.2%). PE12 was notable in that it contained xylose as the major sugar component at unusually high levels (27.7%) not previously reported for a Pseudoalteromonas exopolymer. The polymer was shown to desorb various metal species from marine sediment - a function putatively conferred by its high content of uronic acids (28.7%). Seawater ionic strength (simulated using 0.6M NaCl), however, caused a significant reduction to PE12's ability to desorb the sediment-adsorbed metals. These results demonstrate the importance of electrolytes, a physical parameter intrinsic of seawater, to influencing the interaction of microbial exopolymers with metal ions. In summary, PE12 may represent a new class of Pseudoalteromonas exopolymer with the potential for use in biotechnological applications as an emulsifying or metal-chelating agent. In addition to the biotechnological potential of these findings, the ecological aspects of this and related bacterial exopolymers in marine environments is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4867-4876
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume74
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2008

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