Distribution of particulate and dissolved organic carbon in surface waters of northern scottish fjords

Craig Smeaton, William E.n. Austin

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Abstract

Coastal waters can act concurrently as a source and sink of carbon (C), with coastal sediments trapping and storing significant quantities of C, while C is simultaneously released to the atmosphere through biogeochemical processes in the water column. The mid-to high-latitude fjords are recognised as hotspots for the burial and storage of OC in their sediments and for their potential to provide a long-term climate regulation service. Yet the distribution of particulate (POC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in fjord water columns remains a significant knowledge gap, that is particularly acute in temperate vegetated systems such as those in the North Atlantic. Here we present POC and DOC data from surface waters across four Scottish fjords with differing meteorological, catchment and submarine geomorphological characteristics to both quantify and understand the factors governing the spatial distribution of POC and DOC in fjords. The measured POC and DOC concentrations in the surface waters of the four fjords are broadly analogous to other temperate vegetated fjord systems around the world. Within these systems, local factors such as submarine geomorphology is the primary factor driving POC and DOC dispersal in fjord surface waters. The data highlights that fjords are important pathways for the transport and storage of POC and DOC in the coastal ocean and that a greater focus is required on the water column OC to allow the role fjords play in near- (water column) and long-term (sediment) climate regulation to be quantified.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107952
Number of pages6
JournalEstuarine Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume274
Early online date19 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Carbon
  • Fjords
  • Dissolved organic carbon
  • Particulate organic carbon
  • Mid-latitude
  • Surface water

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