Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has the highest incidence among the renal malignancies, often presenting non-specific or no symptoms at all. Moreover, with no diagnostic marker being available so far, almost 30% of the patients are diagnosed with metastatic disease and 30-40% of the patients initially diagnosed with localized tumor relapse. These facts introduce the clinical need of early diagnosis. This study is focused on the investigation of a marker model based on urinary peptides, as a tool for the detection of RCC in selected patients at risk. Upon evaluation of the marker model in an independent blinded set of 76 samples, 80% sensitivity and 87% specificity were reported. An additional dataset of 1077 samples was subsequently employed for further evaluation of the specificity of the classifier.