Digital games for type 1 and type 2 diabetes: underpinning theory with three illustrative examples: underpinning theory with three illustrative examples

Maged N Kamel Boulos, Shauna Gammon, Mavis C Dixon, Sandra M MacRury, Michael J Fergusson, Francisco Miranda Rodrigues, Telmo Mourinho Baptista, Stephen P Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Digital games are an important class of eHealth interventions in diabetes, made possible by the Internet and a good range of affordable mobile devices (eg, mobile phones and tablets) available to consumers these days. Gamifying disease management can help children, adolescents, and adults with diabetes to better cope with their lifelong condition. Gamification and social in-game components are used to motivate players/patients and positively change their behavior and lifestyle. In this paper, we start by presenting the main challenges facing people with diabetes-children/adolescents and adults-from a clinical perspective, followed by three short illustrative examples of mobile and desktop game apps and platforms designed by Ayogo Health, Inc. (Vancouver, BC, Canada) for type 1 diabetes (one example) and type 2 diabetes (two examples). The games target different age groups with different needs-children with type 1 diabetes versus adults with type 2 diabetes. The paper is not meant to be an exhaustive review of all digital game offerings available for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, but rather to serve as a taster of a few of the game genres on offer today for both types of diabetes, with a brief discussion of (1) some of the underpinning psychological mechanisms of gamified digital interventions and platforms as self-management adherence tools, and more, in diabetes, and (2) some of the hypothesized potential benefits that might be gained from their routine use by people with diabetes. More research evidence from full-scale evaluation studies is needed and expected in the near future that will quantify, qualify, and establish the evidence base concerning this gamification potential, such as what works in each age group/patient type, what does not, and under which settings and criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e3
JournalJMIR Serious Games
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2015

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Keywords

  • diabetes mellitus
  • video games
  • self-care

Cite this

Kamel Boulos, M. N., Gammon, S., Dixon, M. C., MacRury, S. M., Fergusson, M. J., Miranda Rodrigues, F., Mourinho Baptista, T., & Yang, S. P. (2015). Digital games for type 1 and type 2 diabetes: underpinning theory with three illustrative examples: underpinning theory with three illustrative examples. JMIR Serious Games, 3(1), e3. https://doi.org/10.2196/games.3930