Defining Climate-Smart Forestry

Andrew Weatherall, Gert-Jan Nabuurs, Violeta Velikova, Giovanni Santopuoli, Euan Bowditch, Bozydar Neroj, Christian Temperli, Franz Binder, Lubica Ditmarova, Institute of Forest Ecology Slovak Academy of Sciences Slovakia, Jerzy Lesinski, Nicola La Porta, Maciej Pach, Pietro Panzacchi, Murat Sarginci, Yusuf Serengil, Roberto Tognetti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Climate-Smart Forestry (CSF) is a developing concept to help policy-makers and practitioners develop focused forestry governance and management to adapt to and mitigate climate change. Within the EU COST Action CA15226, CLIMO (Climate-Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions), a CSF definition was developed considering three main pillars: (1) adaptation to climate change, (2) mitigation of climate change, and (3) the social dimension. Climate mitigation occurs through carbon (C) sequestration by trees, C storage in vegetation and soils, and C substitution by wood. However, present and future climate mitigation depends on the adaptation of trees, woods, and forests to adapt to climate change, which is also driven by societal change. Criteria and Indicators (C & I) can be used to assess the climate smartness of forestry in different conditions, and over time. A suite of C & I that quantify the climate smartness of forestry practices has been developed by experts as guidelines for CSF. This chapter charts the development of this definition, presents initial feed-back from forest managers across Europe, and discusses other gaps and uncertainties, as well as potential future perspectives for the further evolution of this concept.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate-Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic) 978-3-030-80767-2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2021

Publication series

NameManaging Forest Ecosystems
ISSN (Print)1568-1319
ISSN (Electronic)2352-3956


  • Climate-smart
  • Climate change
  • Forestry
  • Mountain
  • forests
  • definition
  • European


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