Company-community logging contracts in Amazonian settlements: Impacts on livelihoods and NTFP harvests

Mary C.S. Menton, Frank D. Merry, Anna Lawrence, Nick Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


As a result of government-sponsored colonization, more than 500000 km2 of the Brazilian Amazon is managed by settlement households. By law, 80% of this land must remain as standing forest. In this study, we examine the potential for timber harvesting through company-community partnerships (CCPs) as a means to increase forest-based revenue without compromising household use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs). Using participatory rural appraisal, resource diaries, and household questionnaires, we study the impacts of CCP logging contracts on livelihoods, including household income and NTFP harvests. Our results show that annual household income from the CCP logging is equivalent to more than 8 years of household gross income from agricultural production. We also found that there were no significant differences in NTFP harvests between households with CCP logging and those without. In CCP-logging communities, households caught 11.9 ± 13.6 game animals, totaling 74 ± 88 kg of game meat. In the communities without CCP, households caught 9.5 ± 13.0 game animals, totaling 73 ± 172 kg of game meat. Annual forest fruit harvests averaged 9.8 ± 13.2 kg in CCP-logging communities and 13.5 ± 15.9 kg in non-CCP communities. Overall, the CCPs brought improvements in household income without compromising NTFP harvests.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEcology and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2009


  • Amazonian frontier
  • Non-timber forest products
  • Rural livelihoods
  • Sustainable forest management


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