Charting a course for genetic diversity in the UN Decade of Ocean Science

Alex Innes Thomson, Frederick I. Archer, Melinda A. Coleman, Gonzalo Gajardo, William P. Goodall‐copestake, Sean Hoban, Linda Laikre, Adam D. Miller, David O’brien, Sílvia Pérez‐espona, Gernot Segelbacher, Ester A. Serrão, Kjersti Sjøtun, Michele S. Stanley

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Abstract

The health of the world’s oceans are intrinsically linked to the biodiversity of the ecosystems they sustain. The importance of protecting and maintaining ocean biodiversity has been affirmed through the setting of the UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 to conserve and sustainably use the ocean for society’s continuing needs. The decade beginning 2021‐2030 has additionally been declared as the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. This programme aims to maximise the benefits of ocean science to the management, conservation, and sustainable development of the marine environment by facilitating communication and cooperation at the science‐policy interface. A central principal of the programme is the conservation of species and ecosystem components of biodiversity. However, a significant omission from the draft version of the Decade of Ocean Science Implementation Plan is the acknowledgement of the importance of monitoring and maintaining genetic biodiversity within species. In this paper, we emphasise the importance of genetic diversity to adaptive capacity, evolutionary potential, community function, and resilience within populations, as well as highlighting some of the major threats to genetic diversity in the marine environment from direct human impacts and the effects of global climate change. We then highlight the significance of ocean genetic diversity to a diverse range of socio‐economic factors in the marine environment, including marine industries, welfare and leisure pursuits, coastal communities and wider society. Genetic biodiversity in the ocean, and its monitoring and maintenance, is then discussed with respect to its integral role in the successful realisation of the 2030 vision for the Decade of Ocean Science. Finally, we suggest how ocean genetic diversity might be better integrated into biodiversity management practices through the continued interaction between environmental managers and scientists, as well as through key leverage points in industry requirements for Blue Capital financing and social responsibility.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalEvolutionary Applications
Early online date13 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2021

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystem resilience
  • Genetic Diversity
  • Marine
  • Ocean
  • Restoration
  • UN Decade

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