Chapter 7O: Ridges, plateaux and trenches

Ana Colaço, Angelika Brandt, Ana Hilario, Nuno Lourenco, Bhavani Narayanaswamy, IG Priede, Joshua Tuhumwire, Michael Vecchione, Hiromi Watanabe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution


Keynote points
• Most recent studies of ridge biology address chemosynthetic environments (see chap. 7P).
• Climate change models show that bathyal environments will suffer a reduction in pH, which will affect benthic communities.
• Ridges, rises, plateaux and banks are under human pressure arising from existing and potential exploitation of resources, while evidence of pollution in trenches is accumulating.
• The vulnerability of those ecosystems to human pressures has triggered both
increased societal awareness and new regulations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Second World Ocean Assessment II
Place of PublicationNew York, USA
PublisherUnited Nations
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic) 978-92-1-1-604006-2
ISBN (Print) 978-92-1-1-130422-0
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


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