Chapter 7 - Seabirds

Jennifer F. Provencher, Stephanie Borrelle, Richard B. Sherley, Stephanie Avery-gomm, Peter Hodum, Alex Bond, Heather L. Major, Karen D. Mccoy, Rory Crawford, Flemming Merkel, Stephen Votier, Michelle Reynolds, Jeff Hatfield, Dena Spatz, Mark Mallory

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    Seabirds have a global distribution, are numerous throughout the world’s oceans, and have been used for decades to track and understand changes in the marine environment. They are dependent on a variety of ecosystems, including terrestrial, coastal, and pelagic, and are thus vulnerable to both marine and terrestrial environmental stressors. This chapter examines impacts on seabird populations that occur in the marine environment and are global in nature (touch more than one ocean basin). Both widespread (i.e., climate change induced alterations to marine food webs and sea level rise) and more point-source impacts (i.e., incidental bycatch in fisheries, hunting) are discussed. Additionally, natural occurrences in marine ecosystems (i.e., oceanographic regime shifts, parasites) and issues related to anthropogenic activities (i.e., plastic and oil pollution) are covered. Lastly, we discuss marine protected areas and other efforts aimed at conserving global seabird populations, including colony restoration, community-based research, and international conservation actions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationWorld Seas: an Environmental Evaluation
    Number of pages29
    ISBN (Print)9780128050521
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


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