Care home workers experiences of stress and coping during COVID‐19 pandemic: A mixed methods study

Michelle Beattie, Clare Carolan, Leah Macaden, Alison Maciver, Lindsay Dingwall, Rebecah Macgilleeathain, Mariyana Schoultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the stress and coping experiences of healthcare workers (HCWs) in care home settings in Scotland during the COVID-19 pandemic.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was conducted using an online survey and interviews.

METHODS: Mean scores were calculated for both stress and coping and t-tests used to explore possible links to demographics. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Braun and Clarke's method.

RESULTS: For 52 survey participants, the mean score for the PSS was M = 39.75 and CSE-M = 150.6 indicating high stress and medium coping skills. From the t-test, only absence of health issues was associated with higher levels of coping. Thirteen HCWs participated in one-to-one interviews. Qualitative data analysis generated four themes contributing to stress: 1. personal factors, 2. changed care environment, 3. amplified scrutiny and 4. psychological responses. Coping was represented as three main themes: 1. personal factors, 2. organizational culture and 3. safety and security. There is a critical need for a strategic approach to provide psychological support to care home staff both during and beyond the context of the pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberNOP21335
Pages (from-to)687-703
Number of pages17
JournalNursing Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2022


  • Humans
  • COVID-19
  • Pandemics
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Health Personnel


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