Camera traps reveal predators of breeding Black Guillemots Cepphus grylle

Daniel Thomas Johnston, Alexandra M.C. Robbins, Robert W Furness, Glen Tyler, Elizabeth Masden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The occurrence of predation on Black Guillemots Cepphus grylle, of both adults and chicks, is an important consideration when assessing factors affecting breeding success. However, predators are often cryptic and confirmed interactions are difficult to identify. Through the use of camera traps, we recorded predation by mammalian and avian species on Black Guillemots on Stroma and North Ronaldsay in the 2016 and 2017 breeding seasons. Camera traps recorded two presumed instances of an Otter Lutra lutra predating chicks, one possible instance of an Otter predating an adult, one instance of a Hooded Crow Corvus cornix predating a chick, and the presence of several species of potential predators at nests. Camera traps were deployed concurrently during periods of visual observations, during which, sightings of predators were rare. We found the presence of camera traps to have no effect on breeding success between monitored (mean chicks fledged = 1.05, n = 52) and control (mean chicks fledged = 0.98, n = 98) nests. Here we highlight the potential role of camera traps in monitoring seabird nest success, and positively identifying sources of nest failure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-83
Number of pages12
JournalSEABIRD
Volume32
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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