Bullying victimization and obesogenic behaviour among adolescents aged 12 to 15 years from 54 low‐ and middle‐income countries

Lee Smith, Louis Jacob, Jae Il Shin, Mark Tully, Damiano Pizzol, Guillermo F López-Sánchez, Trish Gorely, Lin Yang, Igor Grabovac, Ai Koyanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background
Data on the association between obesogenic behaviours and bullying victimization among adolescents are scarce from low‐ and middle‐income countries.

Objectives
To assess the associations between obesogenic behaviours and bullying victimization in 54 low‐ and middle‐income countries.

Methods
Cross‐sectional data from the global school‐based student health survey were analyzed. Data on bullying victimization and obesogenic behaviours were collected. The association between bullying victimization and the different types of obesogenic behaviour (anxiety‐induced insomnia, fast‐food consumption, carbonated soft‐drink consumption, no physical activity and sedentary behaviour) were assessed by country‐wise multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusting for age, sex, food insecurity and obesity with obesogenic behaviours being the outcome.

Result
The sample consisted of 153 929 students aged 12 to 15 years [mean (SD) age 13.8 (1.0) years; 49.3% girls]. Overall, bullying victimization (vs no bullying victimization) was significantly associated with greater odds for all types of obesogenic behaviour with the exception of physical activity, which showed an inverse association. Specifically, the ORs (95% CIs) were: anxiety‐induced sleep problems 2.65 (2.43‐2.88); fast‐food consumption 1.36 (1.27‐1.44); carbonated soft‐drink consumption 1.14 (1.08‐1.21); no physical activity 0.84 (0.79‐0.89); and sedentary behaviour 1.34 (1.25‐1.43).

Conclusion
In this large representative sample of adolescents from low‐ and middle‐income countries, bullying victimization was found to be associated with several, but not all, obesogenic behaviours.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12700
JournalPediatric Obesity
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • bullying
  • obesogenic behaviour
  • low‐ and middle‐income countries
  • victimization

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    Smith, L., Jacob, L., Shin, J. I., Tully, M., Pizzol, D., López-Sánchez, G. F., Gorely, T., Yang, L., Grabovac, I., & Koyanagi, A. (2020). Bullying victimization and obesogenic behaviour among adolescents aged 12 to 15 years from 54 low‐ and middle‐income countries. Pediatric Obesity, [e12700]. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12700