Biological production of methyl bromide in the coastal waters of the North Sea and open ocean of the northeast Atlantic

J M Baker, C W Reeves, P D Nightingale, S A Penkett, Angela Hatton, Stuart l Gibb

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Abstract

Two separate studies in different oceanic regions provide evidence for the production of methyl bromide (CH3Br) by the prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis. A sampling program to study the seasonal cycle of CH3Br in a coastal area demonstrated that the seawater was supersaturated with respect to CH3Br for over 3 months of the year. The greatest saturation was observed during a bloom of Phaeocystis, Also, in situ field measurements demonstrated that CH3Br was supersaturated over a large region of the northeast Atlantic. A positive correlation was observed between CH3Br and dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP), indicating that there was a source common to both compounds. An accessory pigment, hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin, which indicates the presence of prymnesiophytes, also correlated positively with CH3Br. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-285
Number of pages19
JournalMarine Chemistry
Volume64
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • MOLECULAR-WEIGHT HALOCARBONS
  • HALOGENATED ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS
  • PHAEOCYSTIS
  • Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
  • BLOOM
  • CULTURES
  • ICE-ALGAE
  • DIMETHYL SULFIDE
  • SULFUR EMISSIONS
  • Oceanography
  • GREENLAND SEA
  • ATMOSPHERIC CH3BR

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    Baker, J. M., Reeves, C. W., Nightingale, P. D., Penkett, S. A., Hatton, A., & Gibb, S. L. (1999). Biological production of methyl bromide in the coastal waters of the North Sea and open ocean of the northeast Atlantic. Marine Chemistry, 64(4), 267-285.