Biodiversity Assessment and Environmental Monitoring in Freshwater and Marine Biomes using Ecoacoustics

Denise Risch, Susan E. Parks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Citations (Scopus)


In terrestrial ecosystems, spatial heterogeneity in landscape features drives species dispersal and distribution through local and regional processes. This chapter reviews the use of traditional and newly developed ecoacoustic approaches to monitor the three soundscape components (biotic, abiotic, and anthropogenic) in different freshwater and marine environments, with the aim to identify gaps in knowledge, and provide recommendations for future applications of ecoacoustic tools to aid in the conservation of freshwater and marine biodiversity. Although recognized as a threat to freshwater species and marine species, underwater noise from commercial and recreational shipping and other human activities has received dramatically less attention in freshwater environments. Several different types of nearshore underwater soundscapes have been characterized in recent years. The open ocean and deep seafloor habitats make up over 70% of the total surface area of Earth, but many of these areas remain relatively poorly studied. Polar marine environments are full of a cacophony of sound.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEcoacoustics:
Subtitle of host publication The Ecological Role of Sounds
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Ltd
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781119230724
ISBN (Print)9781119230694
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2017


  • abiotic environmental factors
  • anthropogenic noise
  • biodiversity assessment
  • biotic environmental factors
  • deep seafloor habitats
  • ecoacoustics
  • freshwater biomes
  • marine biomes
  • soundscapes


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