Avaldsnes, Kormt and Rogaland. A Toponymy and Landscape Survey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter presents analyses of place names in western Norway, especially ancient place names linked in some way to an early sailing route along the Norwegian coast. Although the region is home to some of the oldest place names (for islands and fjords and related settlements and features) known in Scandinavia, medieval sources for the names are lacking; the oldest recorded forms are from the 16th and 17th centuries. On the island of Kormt (Kǫrmt) and the adja-cent mainland, we find ancient settlement names primarily in -heim (however, no names in -vin), and prehistoric settlement names in -stad (< -staðir) and -land. Regarding the island names it is notable that the etymons of many of these names are descriptive, signalling hints for orientation or warnings for the people sailing along the coast. Also notable are the absence of place names in the analysed corpus that would indicate cult or sacrality and the lack of obvious central-place elements common elsewhere in Scandinavia where there was prehistoric settlement. The reason for this, we conclude, is that this was a society not based in agriculture, but facing westwards, towards the sea.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAvaldsnes A Sea-King’s Manor in First-Millennium Western Scandinavia
Subtitle of host publicationReallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde - Ergänzungsbände
EditorsDagfinn Skre
Chapter24
Number of pages22
Volume104
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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