Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are increasingly finding use as treatments for a variety of medical conditions. PUFA supplementation can, however, result in increased oxidative stress causing elevated turnover rate of membrane phospholipids, impairment of membrane integrity and increased formation of inflammatory mediators. The aim of this study was to determine which antioxidant compounds were most effective in ameliorating the stimulation of phospholipid turnover by oxidative stress. U937 cells were supplemented with eicosapentaenoic acid and either ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene or astaxanthin prior to being challenged with oxidant. Although all antioxidants were found to be effective in decreasing oxidant-stimulated peroxide formation, only alpha-tocopherol significantly decreased oxidant-stimulated release of H-3-labeled arachidonic acid (AA), while ascorbic acid markedly increased release. All antioxidants except a-tocopherol decreased oxidant-stimulated H-3-AA uptake. Our data suggest that antioxidants are not equally effective in combating the effects of oxidative stress upon membrane phospholipid turnover, and that optimal protection will require mixtures of antioxidants. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- BUTYL HYDROPEROXIDE
- Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
- Endocrinology & Metabolism
- Cell Biology
- PREFERENTIAL HYDROLYSIS
- INDEPENDENT PHOSPHOLIPASE A(2)