Anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies attenuate the monocyte response to LPS and shape macrophage development

Reena J Popat, Seran Hakki, Alpesh Thakker, Alice M Coughlan, Julie Watson, Mark A Little, Corinne M Spickett, Paul Lavender, Behdad Afzali, Claudia Kemper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) vasculitis is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies to myeloperoxidase and proteinase-3, which bind monocytes in addition to neutrophils. While a pathological effect on neutrophils is acknowledged, the impact of ANCA on monocyte function is less well understood. Using IgG from patients we investigated the effect of these autoantibodies on monocytes and found that anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies (MPO-ANCA) reduced both IL-10 and IL-6 secretion in response to LPS. This reduction in IL-10 and IL-6 depended on Fc receptors and enzymatic myeloperoxidase and was accompanied by a significant reduction in TLR-driven signaling pathways. Aligning with changes in TLR signals, oxidized phospholipids, which function as TLR4 antagonists, were increased in monocytes in the presence of MPO-ANCA. We further observed that MPO-ANCA increased monocyte survival and differentiation to macrophages by stimulating CSF-1 production. However, this was independent of myeloperoxidase enzymatic activity and TLR signaling. Macrophages differentiated in the presence of MPO-ANCA secreted more TGF-β and further promoted the development of IL-10– and TGF-β–secreting CD4+ T cells. Thus, MPO-ANCA may promote inflammation by reducing the secretion of antiinflammatory IL-10 from monocytes, and MPO-ANCA can alter the development of macrophages and T cells to potentially promote fibrosis
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere87379
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJCI insight
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2017

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    Popat, R. J., Hakki, S., Thakker, A., Coughlan, A. M., Watson, J., Little, M. A., Spickett, C. M., Lavender, P., Afzali, B., & Kemper, C. (2017). Anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies attenuate the monocyte response to LPS and shape macrophage development. JCI insight, 2(2), 1-16. [e87379]. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.87379