Analysis of heavy fuel oil use by ships operating in Canadian Arctic waters from 2010 to 2018

Nicolien van Luijk, Jackie Dawson, Alison Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In 2018, The International Maritime Organization, officially proposed consideration of a ban on heavy fuel oil (HFO) use by ships in the Arctic, because of the widely accepted understanding that HFO presents a threat to the marine environment. There is currently a lack of understanding of the scale and scope of HFO use by ships operating in Canadian Arctic waters, thus it is difficult to comprehensively evaluate the effect that such a ban may have in mitigating risk from HFO use. In this study, we conducted a spatial analysis of HFO use among ships operating in Canadian Arctic waters between 2010 and 2018. Our findings show that approximately 37% of the total number of ships that have travelled through the Canadian Arctic between 2010 and 2018 use HFO, and nearly all of these ships fall within three vessel categories: general cargo, bulk carriers, and tanker ships. In addition, HFO-fueled ships made up approximately 45% of the total distance (kilometres) travelled by all vessels between 2010 and 2018. The data also show that the majority of HFO use occurs in certain geographic areas, such as Baffin Bay near Pond Inlet and the Hudson Strait.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-327
Number of pages24
JournalFACETS
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2020

Keywords

  • Arctic communities
  • Canadian Arctic
  • Climate change
  • Environment
  • Heavy fuel oil
  • Shipping

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of heavy fuel oil use by ships operating in Canadian Arctic waters from 2010 to 2018'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this