An incubation study of GHG flux responses to a changing water table linked to biochemical parameters across a peatland restoration chronosequence

Renee Hermans, N Zahn, Roxane Andersen, Yit Arn Teh, Neil Cowie, Jens-Arne Subke

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Abstract

Large areas of northern peatlands have been drained and afforested with conifers in the 20th century. This has led to changes in the hydrology of the peatlands, the quality and quantity of organic matter inputs and soil microbial communities, which are all likely to impact on greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes. Considerable areas of these forest plantations are undergoing restoration, and our aim was to assess whether contrasting compositions of peat, in conjunction with hydrological changes in a controlled lab experiment, impact on GHG fluxes. We incubated vegetation free cores (at 8 °C) from a near-natural bog, restoration sites felled in 1998, 2006, 2012 and a current forest plantation at (a) low water tables, (b) high tables or (c) water tables that were changed from low to high. Results show that peat quality and nutrient availability in the pore water have been altered by the forest plantations, which resulted in dissimilar carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes between the sites under the same temperature and water table conditions. Higher CO2 fluxes were found in the peat cores from the forest plantations than from sites that have undergone restoration and from the near-natural bog. However, there were few differences in methane (CH4) fluxes from the different sites, indicating that on its own (i.e., in the absence of biotic interactions under field conditions) the effects of forestry on CH4 flux are limited.
Original languageEnglish
Article number08
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalMires and Peat
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2019

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chronosequences
forest plantations
chronosequence
peatlands
greenhouse gases
peatland
water table
greenhouse gas
plantation
incubation
peat
carbon dioxide
bogs
bog
methane production
hydrological change
nutrient availability
hydrology
methane
conifers

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title = "An incubation study of GHG flux responses to a changing water table linked to biochemical parameters across a peatland restoration chronosequence",
abstract = "Large areas of northern peatlands have been drained and afforested with conifers in the 20th century. This has led to changes in the hydrology of the peatlands, the quality and quantity of organic matter inputs and soil microbial communities, which are all likely to impact on greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes. Considerable areas of these forest plantations are undergoing restoration, and our aim was to assess whether contrasting compositions of peat, in conjunction with hydrological changes in a controlled lab experiment, impact on GHG fluxes. We incubated vegetation free cores (at 8 °C) from a near-natural bog, restoration sites felled in 1998, 2006, 2012 and a current forest plantation at (a) low water tables, (b) high tables or (c) water tables that were changed from low to high. Results show that peat quality and nutrient availability in the pore water have been altered by the forest plantations, which resulted in dissimilar carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes between the sites under the same temperature and water table conditions. Higher CO2 fluxes were found in the peat cores from the forest plantations than from sites that have undergone restoration and from the near-natural bog. However, there were few differences in methane (CH4) fluxes from the different sites, indicating that on its own (i.e., in the absence of biotic interactions under field conditions) the effects of forestry on CH4 flux are limited.",
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An incubation study of GHG flux responses to a changing water table linked to biochemical parameters across a peatland restoration chronosequence. / Hermans, Renee; Zahn, N; Andersen, Roxane; Teh, Yit Arn; Cowie, Neil; Subke, Jens-Arne.

In: Mires and Peat, Vol. 23, No. 8, 08, 30.03.2019, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hermans, Renee

AU - Zahn, N

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AU - Cowie, Neil

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