Algorithmic analysis of chemical dynamics of the autoignition of NH3-H2O2/Air Mixtures

Ahmed T. Khalil, Dimitris M. Manias, Efstathios Al Tingas, Dimitrios C. Kyritsis, Dimitris A. Goussis

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Abstract

The dynamics of a homogeneous adiabatic autoignition of an ammonia/air mixture at constant volume was studied, using the algorithmic tools of Computational Singular Perturbation. Since ammonia combustion is characterized by both unrealistically long ignition delays and elevated NOx emissions, the time frame of action of the modes that are responsible for ignition was analyzed by calculating the developing time scales throughout the process and by studying their possible relation to NOx emissions. The reactions that support or oppose the explosive time scale were identified, along with the variables that are related the most to the dynamics that drive the system to an explosion. It is shown that reaction H2O2 (+M)→OH + OH (+M) is the one contributing the most to the time scale that characterizes ignition and that its reactant H2O2 is the species related the most to this time scale. These findings suggested that addition of H2O2 in the initial mixture will influence strongly the evolution of the process. Itwas shown that ignition of pure ammonia advanced as a slowthermal explosion with very limited chemical runaway. The ignition delay could be reduced by more than two orders of magnitude through H2O2 addition, which causes only a minor increase in NOx emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4422
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2019

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Ignition
Ammonia
Time Scales
Air
Explosion
Explosions
Singular Perturbation
Combustion
Minor

Keywords

  • Additives
  • Ammonia
  • Autoignition
  • Computational singular perturbation
  • Explosive time scales
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Ignition delay control
  • NO

Cite this

Khalil, Ahmed T. ; Manias, Dimitris M. ; Tingas, Efstathios Al ; Kyritsis, Dimitrios C. ; Goussis, Dimitris A. / Algorithmic analysis of chemical dynamics of the autoignition of NH3-H2O2/Air Mixtures. In: Energies. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 23.
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Algorithmic analysis of chemical dynamics of the autoignition of NH3-H2O2/Air Mixtures. / Khalil, Ahmed T.; Manias, Dimitris M.; Tingas, Efstathios Al; Kyritsis, Dimitrios C.; Goussis, Dimitris A.

In: Energies, Vol. 12, No. 23, 4422, 21.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Goussis, Dimitris A.

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