Abundance, distribution, reproduction and diet of notacanthid fishes from the north-east Atlantic

R A Coggan, John D M Gordon, Nigel Merrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Notacanthid fishes were among the 10 most abundant species sampled in research surveys using fine meshed trawls fished to depths of 3000 m in the Rockall Trough and 4500 m in the Porcupine Seabight between 1975 and 1992. Two species, Noctacanthus bonapartei and Polyacanthonotus rissoanus, were dominant but their population structure and certain aspects of morphometric and reproductive biology differed between the two sampling areas. In general, sex ratios were skewed in favour of females, size increased with depth and male and immature individuals were restricted to shallower depth zones. Fecundity was highly correlated with total weight and showed a positive relationship with species' size. Ovaries contained two batches of eggs and the spawning season was protracted, occurring mostly over winter months. Dietary studies showed a dependence on benthic macro fauna though the two dominant species have different dentition and exploit different trophic niches. In the Rockall Trough, peak abundances for N. bonapartei and P. rissoanus occurred in the 750 m and 1250 m zones, respectively, lying within the depth range currently exploited by commercial deep-water trawls (600-1400 m). The probable impacts of commercial operations on notacanthid fishes are discussed. (C) 1998 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1057
Number of pages20
JournalJ FISH BIOL
Volume52
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • ASSEMBLAGE STRUCTURE
  • DIFFERENT TRAWLS
  • DEPTH
  • ECOLOGY
  • BENTHOPELAGIC FISH
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • Fisheries
  • DEEP-SEA FISH
  • ROCKALL TROUGH
  • SLOPE
  • LIVING DEMERSAL FISHES

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    Coggan, R. A., Gordon, J. D. M., & Merrett, N. (1998). Abundance, distribution, reproduction and diet of notacanthid fishes from the north-east Atlantic. J FISH BIOL, 52(5), 1038-1057.