A review of the current potential of European brown seaweed for the production of biofuels

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Abstract

In addition to the other uses for macroalgae, since the 1970s, there has been interest in using macroalgae as a source of biofuels, due to the high rates of productivity and intrinsic advantages over other biofuel crops such as not requiring land use or signifcant freshwater input. A wide range of conversion processes exist but anaerobic digestion was one of the frst demonstrated and is still a widely proposed conversion pathway. To be economically viable and scalable within Europe, the industry will need to be based on a small number of fast growing, high-yielding European macroalgae species. There is a wide body of scientific work on the conversion of seaweeds to biofuel via anaerobic digestion.
Original languageEnglish
Article number21
Number of pages25
JournalEnergy, Sustainability and Society
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Europe
  • anaerobic digestion
  • biofuels
  • cultivation
  • economics
  • heavy metals
  • land use
  • metabolites
  • seaweed
  • bio-energy
  • brown seaweed
  • conversion process
  • current-potential
  • economically viable
  • freshwater inputs
  • high rate
  • macro-algae
  • main texts
  • microbial communities
  • land use change
  • literature review
  • macroalga
  • feedstocks

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