A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social-ecological systems

Benjamin Planque, Christian Mullon, Per Arneberg, Arne Eide, Jean Marc Fromentin, Johanna Jacomina Heymans, Alf Håkon Hoel, Susa Niiranen, Geir Ottersen, Anne Britt Sandø, Martin Sommerkorn, Olivier Thébaud, Thorbjørn Thorvik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Fish and Fisheries Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Anticipating future changes in marine social-ecological systems (MSES) several decades into the future is essential in the context of accelerating global change. This is challenging in situations where actors do not share common understandings, practices, or visions about the future. We introduce a dedicated scenario method for the development of MSES scenarios in a participatory context. The objective is to allow different actors to jointly develop scenarios which contain their multiple visions of the future. The method starts from four perspectives: “fisheries management,” “ecosystem,” “ocean climate,” and “global context and governance” for which current status and recent trends are summarized. Contrasted scenarios about possible futures are elaborated for each of the four single perspectives before being integrated into multiple-perspective scenarios. Selected scenarios are then developed into storylines. Focusing on individual perspectives until near the end allows actors with diverse cultures, interests and horizons to confront their own notions of the future. We illustrate the method with the exploration of the futures of the Barents Sea MSES by 2050. We emphasize the following lessons learned: first, many actors are not familiar with scenario building and attention must be paid to explaining the purpose, methodology, and benefits of scenarios exercises. Second, although the Barents Sea MSES is relatively well understood, uncertainties about its future are significant. Third, it is important to focus on unlikely events. Fourth, all perspectives should be treated equally. Fifth, as MSES are continuously changing, we can only be prepared for future changes if we collectively keep preparing.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFish and Fisheries
Early online date1 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Mar 2019

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Barents Sea
fishery management
global change
governance
methodology
fisheries management
fishery
exercise
uncertainty
ecosystem
oceans
fisheries
climate
ocean
fish
method
ecosystems
sea
trend

Keywords

  • Barents Sea
  • future studies
  • multiple perspectives
  • participatory fisheries management
  • storylines
  • uncertainty

Cite this

Planque, B., Mullon, C., Arneberg, P., Eide, A., Fromentin, J. M., Heymans, J. J., ... Thorvik, T. (2019). A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social-ecological systems. Fish and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12356
Planque, Benjamin ; Mullon, Christian ; Arneberg, Per ; Eide, Arne ; Fromentin, Jean Marc ; Heymans, Johanna Jacomina ; Hoel, Alf Håkon ; Niiranen, Susa ; Ottersen, Geir ; Sandø, Anne Britt ; Sommerkorn, Martin ; Thébaud, Olivier ; Thorvik, Thorbjørn. / A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social-ecological systems. In: Fish and Fisheries. 2019.
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abstract = "Fish and Fisheries Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Anticipating future changes in marine social-ecological systems (MSES) several decades into the future is essential in the context of accelerating global change. This is challenging in situations where actors do not share common understandings, practices, or visions about the future. We introduce a dedicated scenario method for the development of MSES scenarios in a participatory context. The objective is to allow different actors to jointly develop scenarios which contain their multiple visions of the future. The method starts from four perspectives: “fisheries management,” “ecosystem,” “ocean climate,” and “global context and governance” for which current status and recent trends are summarized. Contrasted scenarios about possible futures are elaborated for each of the four single perspectives before being integrated into multiple-perspective scenarios. Selected scenarios are then developed into storylines. Focusing on individual perspectives until near the end allows actors with diverse cultures, interests and horizons to confront their own notions of the future. We illustrate the method with the exploration of the futures of the Barents Sea MSES by 2050. We emphasize the following lessons learned: first, many actors are not familiar with scenario building and attention must be paid to explaining the purpose, methodology, and benefits of scenarios exercises. Second, although the Barents Sea MSES is relatively well understood, uncertainties about its future are significant. Third, it is important to focus on unlikely events. Fourth, all perspectives should be treated equally. Fifth, as MSES are continuously changing, we can only be prepared for future changes if we collectively keep preparing.",
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Planque, B, Mullon, C, Arneberg, P, Eide, A, Fromentin, JM, Heymans, JJ, Hoel, AH, Niiranen, S, Ottersen, G, Sandø, AB, Sommerkorn, M, Thébaud, O & Thorvik, T 2019, 'A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social-ecological systems', Fish and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12356

A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social-ecological systems. / Planque, Benjamin; Mullon, Christian; Arneberg, Per; Eide, Arne; Fromentin, Jean Marc; Heymans, Johanna Jacomina; Hoel, Alf Håkon; Niiranen, Susa; Ottersen, Geir; Sandø, Anne Britt; Sommerkorn, Martin; Thébaud, Olivier; Thorvik, Thorbjørn.

In: Fish and Fisheries, 01.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social-ecological systems

AU - Planque, Benjamin

AU - Mullon, Christian

AU - Arneberg, Per

AU - Eide, Arne

AU - Fromentin, Jean Marc

AU - Heymans, Johanna Jacomina

AU - Hoel, Alf Håkon

AU - Niiranen, Susa

AU - Ottersen, Geir

AU - Sandø, Anne Britt

AU - Sommerkorn, Martin

AU - Thébaud, Olivier

AU - Thorvik, Thorbjørn

N1 - © 2019 The Authors. Fish and Fisheries Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

PY - 2019/3/1

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N2 - Fish and Fisheries Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Anticipating future changes in marine social-ecological systems (MSES) several decades into the future is essential in the context of accelerating global change. This is challenging in situations where actors do not share common understandings, practices, or visions about the future. We introduce a dedicated scenario method for the development of MSES scenarios in a participatory context. The objective is to allow different actors to jointly develop scenarios which contain their multiple visions of the future. The method starts from four perspectives: “fisheries management,” “ecosystem,” “ocean climate,” and “global context and governance” for which current status and recent trends are summarized. Contrasted scenarios about possible futures are elaborated for each of the four single perspectives before being integrated into multiple-perspective scenarios. Selected scenarios are then developed into storylines. Focusing on individual perspectives until near the end allows actors with diverse cultures, interests and horizons to confront their own notions of the future. We illustrate the method with the exploration of the futures of the Barents Sea MSES by 2050. We emphasize the following lessons learned: first, many actors are not familiar with scenario building and attention must be paid to explaining the purpose, methodology, and benefits of scenarios exercises. Second, although the Barents Sea MSES is relatively well understood, uncertainties about its future are significant. Third, it is important to focus on unlikely events. Fourth, all perspectives should be treated equally. Fifth, as MSES are continuously changing, we can only be prepared for future changes if we collectively keep preparing.

AB - Fish and Fisheries Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Anticipating future changes in marine social-ecological systems (MSES) several decades into the future is essential in the context of accelerating global change. This is challenging in situations where actors do not share common understandings, practices, or visions about the future. We introduce a dedicated scenario method for the development of MSES scenarios in a participatory context. The objective is to allow different actors to jointly develop scenarios which contain their multiple visions of the future. The method starts from four perspectives: “fisheries management,” “ecosystem,” “ocean climate,” and “global context and governance” for which current status and recent trends are summarized. Contrasted scenarios about possible futures are elaborated for each of the four single perspectives before being integrated into multiple-perspective scenarios. Selected scenarios are then developed into storylines. Focusing on individual perspectives until near the end allows actors with diverse cultures, interests and horizons to confront their own notions of the future. We illustrate the method with the exploration of the futures of the Barents Sea MSES by 2050. We emphasize the following lessons learned: first, many actors are not familiar with scenario building and attention must be paid to explaining the purpose, methodology, and benefits of scenarios exercises. Second, although the Barents Sea MSES is relatively well understood, uncertainties about its future are significant. Third, it is important to focus on unlikely events. Fourth, all perspectives should be treated equally. Fifth, as MSES are continuously changing, we can only be prepared for future changes if we collectively keep preparing.

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