A conspicuous H2S-oxidizing microbial mat from a high-latitude Arctic fjord (Young Sound, NE Greenland)

Ronnie Glud, S Rysgaard, T Fenchel, PH Nielsen

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Abstract

A several centimeter thick, H2S-oxidizing microbial mat was encountered in a high-latitude Arctic fjord. Microscopic investigations revealed that the mat contained numerous filamentous bacteria, and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that the vast majority of these belonged to gamma-Proteobacteria and that Thiothrix spp. was present. The mat grew on a layer of accumulated decaying macroalgae and was characterized by a complex three-dimensional structure consisting of numerous holes, voids and chimney-like structures. Microsensor measurements performed in situ and in a laboratory-established mesocosm showed a highly dynamic O-2, pH and H2S distribution, especially around protruding structures of the mat. Detailed microsensor investigations documented that anoxic sulfidic water emerged trough the chimneys and indicated a microcirculation, replenishing the emerging water with oxygenated water in areas were the mat was absent. This governed an efficient advective exchange of solutes and presumably allowed the mat to grow to the extensive thickness of several centimeters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalMAR BIOL
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Keywords

  • H2S
  • THIOTHRIX
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • MICROSENSOR
  • BEGGIATOA
  • ACTIVATED-SLUDGE
  • COLORLESS SULFUR BACTERIA
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • FILAMENTOUS BACTERIA
  • IN-SITU DETECTION
  • HYDROTHERMAL VENTS

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