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  • Stuart Cunningham
2020

Ocean circulation causes the largest freshening event for 120 years in eastern subpolar North Atlantic

Holliday, N. P., Bersch, M., Berx, B., Chafik, L., Cunningham, S., Florindo-lópez, C., Hátún, H., Johns, W., Josey, S. A., Larsen, K. M. H., Mulet, S., Oltmanns, M., Reverdin, G., Rossby, T., Thierry, V., Valdimarsson, H. & Yashayaev, I., 29 Jan 2020, In : Nature Communications. 11, 1, 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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Open Access
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2019

Arctic Mediterranean Exchanges: A consistent volume budget and trends in transports from two decades of observations

Osterhus, S., Woodgate, R., Valdimarsson, H., Turrell, W. R., de Steur, L., Quadfasel, D., Olsen, S., Moritz, M., Lee, C., Larsen, K. M., Jonsson, S., Johnson, C. L., Jochumsen, K., Hansen, B., curry, B., Cunningham, S. & Berx, B., 12 Apr 2019, In : Ocean Science. 15, p. 379-399 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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3 Citations (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)

A sea change in our view of overturning in the sub polar North Atlantic

Lozier, M. S., Li, F., Bacon, S., Bahr, F., Bower, A. S., Cunningham, S., de Jong, M. F., de Steur, L., deYoung, B., Fischer, J., Gary, S., Greenan, B. J. W., Holliday, N. P., Houk, A., Houpert, L., Inall, M., Johns, W., Johnson, C. L., Karstensen, J., koman, G. & 17 others, Le Bras, I. A., Lin, X., Mackay, N., Marshall, D., Mercier, H., Oltmans, M., Pickart, R. S., Ramsey, A. L., Rayner, D., Straneo, F., Thierry, V., Torres, D. J., Williams, R., Wilson, C., Yang, J., Yashayaev, I. & Zhao, J., 1 Feb 2019, In : Science. 363, 6426, p. 516-521 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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42 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)
2018

Seasonal cycles of oceanic transports in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic

Gary, S., Cunningham, S., Johnson, C., Houpert, L., Holliday, N. P., Behrens, E., Biastoch, A. & Böning, C. W., 27 Feb 2018, In : Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 123, p. 1471-1484 36 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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4 Citations (Scopus)
123 Downloads (Pure)

Structure and Transport of the North Atlantic Current in the Eastern Subpolar Gyre from Sustained Glider Observations

Houpert, L., Inall, M., Dumont, E., Gary, S., Johnson, C., Porter, M., Johns, W. E. & Cunningham, S. A., 29 Aug 2018, In : Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 123, 8, p. 6019-6038 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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2 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)

Subpolar North Atlantic Overturning and Gyre-Scale Circulation in the Summers of 2014 and 2016

Holliday, N. P., Bacon, S., Cunningham, S., Gary, S., Karstensen, J., King, BA., Li, F. & McDonagh, EL., 2 Jul 2018, In : Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 123, 7, p. 4538-4559 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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15 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)
2017

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)

McCarthy, G., Smeed, D., Cunningham, S. & Roberts, C., Sep 2017, Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership: Science Review: MCCIP Science Review 2017. p. 15-21 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Open Access
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2 Citations (Scopus)
69 Downloads (Pure)

Large-scale forcing of the European Slope Current and associated inflows to the North Sea

Marsh, R., Haigh, I., Cunningham, S., Inall, M., Porter, M. & Moat, B., 21 Apr 2017, In : Ocean Science. 13, p. 315-335 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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16 Citations (Scopus)
132 Downloads (Pure)
Open Access
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53 Downloads (Pure)

Transports and pathways of overflow water in the Rockall Trough

Johnson, C., Sherwin, T., Cunningham, S., Dumont, E., Houpert, L. & Holliday, N. P., Apr 2017, In : Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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1 Citation (Scopus)
116 Downloads (Pure)

Transport Structure and Energetic of the North Atlantic Current in Subpolar Gyre from Observations

Houpert, L., Inall, M., Dumont, E., Gary, S., Porter, M., Johns, W. E. & Cunningham, S., 2017, EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. Vol. 19. 1 p. 5593

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Open Access
2016
Open Access
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291 Downloads (Pure)

Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program: a new international ocean observing system

Lozier, M. S., Bacon, S., Bower, A. S., Cunningham, S., de Jong, M. F., de Steur, L., deYoung, B., Fischer, J., Gary, S., Greenan, B. J. W., Heimbach, P., Holliday, N. P., Houpert, L., Houpert, L., Inall, M., Johns, W. E., Johnson, H. L., Karstensen, J., Li, F., Lin, X. & 14 others, Mackay, N., Marshall, D. P., Mercier, H., Myers, P. G., Pickart, R. S., Pillar, H. R., Straneo, F., Thierry, V., Weller, R. A., Williams, R. G., Wilson, C., Yang, J., Zhao, J. & Zika, J. D., 23 Aug 2016, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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69 Citations (Scopus)
179 Downloads (Pure)
Open Access
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297 Downloads (Pure)
Open Access
File
279 Downloads (Pure)
2015

Continuous Estimate of Atlantic Oceanic Freshwater Flux at 26.5 degrees N

McDonagh, E. L., King, B. A., Bryden, H. L., Courtois, P., Szuts, Z., Baringer, M., Cunningham, S. A., Atkinson, C. & McCarthy, G., 16 Nov 2015, In : Journal of Climate. 28, 22, p. 8888-8906 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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23 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

First results of the OSNAP glider missions on the Rockall Plateau

Houpert, L., Gary, S., Johnson, C., Dumont, E., Griffiths, C., Wilson, K., Inall, M. & Cunningham, S., 2015.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

Open Access
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57 Downloads (Pure)

Multidecadal variability of potential temperature, salinity and transport in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic

Holliday, N. P., Cunningham, S., Johnson, C., Gary, S., Griffiths, C., Read, J. & Sherwin, T., 4 Sep 2015, In : Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 120, 9, p. 5945-5967 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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25 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

North Atlantic Circulation and European Climate

Houpert, L., Gary, S., Johnson, C., Inall, M., Beaton, J., Dumont, E., Griffiths, C., Wilson, K., Macdonald, F. & Cunningham, S., 2015.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

File
239 Downloads (Pure)

The North Atlantic subpolar circulation in an eddy-resolving global ocean model

Marzocchi, A., Hirschi, J. J. -M., Holliday, N. P., Cunningham, S. A., Blaker, A. T. & Coward, A. C., Feb 2015, In : JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS. 142, p. 126-143 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
67 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)
2014

Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012

Smeed, D., McCarthy, G., Cunningham, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W., Barringer, M., Duchez, A., Moat, B. & Bryden, H., 6 Feb 2014, In : Ocean Science. 10, p. 29 38 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
147 Citations (Scopus)

RV Knorr Cruise KN221-02, 9th July -- 1st August 2014. OSNAP Mooring Cruise Report

Cunningham, S. A. & Houpert, L. (ed.), 1 Aug 2014, SAMS. 54 p.

Research output: Book/ReportOther report

Open Access
File
166 Downloads (Pure)

The Atlantic Overturning Circulation: more evidence of variability and links to climate

Carton, J., Cunningham, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Kwon, Y. -O., Marshall, D. & Msadek, R., 25 Sep 2014, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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22 Downloads (Pure)

Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves, and their effect on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5 degrees N

Clement, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Szuts, Z. B. & Cunningham, S. A., Sep 2014, In : Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 119, 9, p. 6479-6498 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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17 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)
2013

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean

Cunningham, S. A., Roberts, C. D., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Hobbs, W., Palmer, M. D., Rayner, D., Smeed, D. A. & McCarthy, G., 11 Dec 2013, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 40, 23, p. 6202-6207 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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46 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Eddy impacts on the Florida Current

Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Beal, L. M. & Cunningham, S. A., 28 Jan 2013, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 40, 2, p. 349-353 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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14 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Impacts of climate change on the Atlantic Heat Conveyor (Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation)

Smeed, D., Wood, R., Cunningham, S., McCarthy, G., Kuhlbrodt, T. & Dye, S., Dec 2013, In : MCCP Science Review. 4

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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16 Downloads (Pure)

Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean

Baringer, M. O., Johns, W., McCarthy, G., Willis, J., Garzoli, S., Lankhorst, M., Meinen, C., Cunningham, S., Send, U., Hobbs, W. R., Rayner, D., Smeed, D. A., Kanzow, T. O., Heimbach, P., Frajka-Williams, E., Macdonald, A., Dong, S. & Marotzke, J., Aug 2013, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 94

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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64 Citations (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

Cunningham, S., Kanzow, T. O. & Baringer, M. O., 2013, Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, p. 282 3.6.3

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Open Access
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34 Downloads (Pure)

The Extended Ellett Line: Discoveries from 65 years of marine observations west of the UK

Holliday, N. P. & Cunningham, S., Jun 2013, In : Oceanography.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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14 Citations (Scopus)
59 Downloads (Pure)
2012

Atlantic transport variability at 25 degrees N in six hydrographic sections

Atkinson, C. P., Bryden, H. L., Cunningham, S. A. & King, B. A., 19 Jul 2012, In : Ocean Science. 8, 4, p. 497-523 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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12 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N

McCarthy, G., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W., Baringer, M. O., Meinen, C. S., Bryden, H. L., Rayner, D., Duchez, A., Roberts, C. & Cunningham, S., 16 Oct 2012, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 39, 19

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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160 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Past, present, and future changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation

Srokosz, M., Baringer, M., Bryden, H., Cunningham, S., Delworth, T., Lozier, S., Marotzke, J. & Sutton, R., Dec 2012, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 93, 11, p. 1663-1676 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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105 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)

State of the climate in 2011: Special supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Arndt, D. S., Blunden, J., Willett, K. M., Dolman, A. J., Hall, B. D., Thorne, P. W., Gregg, M. C., Newlin, M. L., Xue, Y., Hu, Z., Kumar, A., Banzon, V., Smith, T. M., Rayner, N. A., Jeffries, M. O., Richter-Menge, J., Overland, J., Bhatt, U., Key, J., Liu, Y. & 257 others, Walsh, J., Wang, M., Fogt, R. L., Scambos, T. A., Wovrosh, A. J., Barreira, S., Fogt, R. L., Scambos, T. A., Sanchez-Lugo, A. ., Renwick, J. A., Thiaw, W. M., Weaver, S. J., Whitewood, R., Phillips, D., Achberger, C., Ackerman, S. A., Ahmed, F. H., Albanil-Encarnacion, A., Alfaro, E. J., Alves, L. M., Allan, R., Amador, J. A., Ambenje, P., Antoine, M. D., Antonov, J., Arevalo, J., Arndt, D. S., Ashik, I., Atheru, Z., Baccini, A., Baez, J., Banzon, V., Baringer, M. O., Barreira, S., Barriopedro, D. E., Bates, J. J., Becker, A., Behrenfeld, M. J., Bell, G. D., Benedetti, A., Bernhard, G., Berrisford, P., Berry, D. I., Beszczynska-Moeller, A., Bhatt, U. S., Bidegain, M., Bieniek, P., Birkett, C., Bissolli, P., Blake, E. S., Blunden, J., Boudet-Rouco, D., Box, J. E., Boyer, T., Braathen, G. O., Brackenridge, G. R., Brohan, P., Bromwich, D. H., Brown, L., Brown, R., Bruhwiler, L., Bulygina, O. N., Burrows, J., Calderon, B., Camargo, S. J., Cappellen, J., Carmack, E., Carrasco, G., Chambers, D. P., Christiansen, H. H., Christy, J., Chung, D., Ciais, P., Coehlo, C. A. S., Colwell, S., Comiso, J., Cretaux, J-F., Crouch, J., Cunningham, S. A., De Jeu, R. A. M., Demircan, M., Derksen, C., Diamond, H. J., Dlugokencky, E. J., Dohan, K., Dolman, A. J., Dorigo, W. A., Drozdov, D. S., Duguay, C., Dutton, E., Dutton, G. S., Elkins, J. W., Epstein, H. E., Famiglietti, J. S., Fanton d'Andon, O. H., Feely, R. A., Fekete, B. M., Fenimore, C., Fernandez-Prieto, D., Fields, E., Fioletov, V., Fogt, R. L., Folland, C., Foster, M. J., Frajka-Williams, E., Franz, B. A., Frey, K., Frith, S. H., Frolov, I., Frost, G. V., Ganter, C., Garzoli, S., Gitau, W., Gleason, K. L., Gobron, N., Goldenberg, S. B., Goni, G., Gonzalez-Garcia, I., Gonzalez-Rodriguez, N., Good, S. A., Goryl, P., Gottschalck, J., Gouveia, C. M., Gregg, M. C., Griffiths, G. M., Grigoryan, V., Grooss, J-U., Guard, C., Guglielmin, M., Hall, B. D., Halpert, M. S., Heidinger, A. K., Heikkila, A., Heim, Jr., R. R., Hennon, P. A., Hidalgo, H. G., Hilburn, K., Ho, S., Hobbs, W. R., Holgate, S., Hook, S. J., Hovsepyan, A., Hu, Z-Z., Hugony, S., Hurst, D. F., Ingvaldsen, R., Itoh, M., Jaimes, E., Jeffries, M., Johns, W. E., Johnsen, B., Johnson, B., Johnson, G. C., Jones, L. T., Jumaux, G., Kabidi, K., Kaiser, J. W., Kang, K-K., Kanzow, T. O., Kao, H-Y., Keller, L. M., Kendon, M., Kennedy, J. J., Kervankiran, S., Key, J., Khatiwala, S., Kholodov, A. L., Khoshkam, M., Kikuchi, T., Kimberlain, T. B., King, D., Knaff, J. A., Korshunova, N. N., Koskela, T., Kratz, D. P., Krishfield, R., Kruger, A., Kruk, M. C., Kumar, A., Lagerloef, G., Lakkala, K., Lammers, R. B., Lander, M. A., Landsea, C. W., Lankhorst, M., Lapinel-Pedroso, B., Lazzara, M. A., LeDuc, S., Lefale, P., Leon, G., Leon-Lee, A., Leuliette, E., Levitus, S., L'Heureux, M., Lin, I. I., Liu, H., Liu, Y., Liu, Y., Lobato-Sanchez, R., Locarnini, R., Loeb, N. G., Loeng, H., Long, C. S., Lorrey, A. M., Lumpkin, R., Myhre, C. L., Luo, J-J., Lyman, J. M., MacCallum, S., Macdonald, A. M., Maddux, B. C., Manney, G., Marchenko, S. S., Marengo A., J., Maritorena, S., Marotzke, J., Marra, J. J., Martinez-Sanchez, O., Maslanik, J., Massom, R. A., Mathis, J. T., McBride, C., McClain, C. R., McGrath, D., McGree, S., McLaughlin, F., McVicar, T. R., Mears, C., Meier, W., Meinen, C. S., Menendez, M., Merchant, C., Merrifield, M. A., Miller, L., Mitchum, G. T., Montzka, S. A., Moore, S., Mora, N. P., Morcrette, J-J., Mote, T., Muhle, J., Mullan, A. B., Muller, R., Myhre, C., Nash, E. R., Nerem, R. S., Newlin, M. L., Newman, P. A., Ngari, A., Nishino, S., Njau, L. N., Noetzli, J., Oberman, N. G., Obregon, A., Ogallo, L., Oludhe, C. & Overland, J., 1 Jul 2012, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 93, 7

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
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63 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)
2011

Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic Ocean heat transport at 26.5 degrees N

Johns, W. E., Baringer, M. O., Beal, L. M., Cunningham, S. A., Kanzow, T., Bryden, H. L., Hirschi, J. J. M., Marotzke, J., Meinen, C. S., Shaw, B. & Curry, R., 15 May 2011, In : Journal of Climate. 24, 10, p. 2429-2449 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

233 Citations (Scopus)

Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation

Rayner, D., Hirschi, J. J. -M., Kanzow, T., Johns, W. E., Wright, P. G., Frajka-Williams, E., Bryden, H. L., Meinen, C. S., Baringer, M. O., Marotzke, J., Beal, L. M. & Cunningham, S. A., 1 Sep 2011, In : Deep-Sea Research Part II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. 58, 17-18, p. 1744-1753 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Variability of Antarctic bottom water at 24.5 degrees N in the Atlantic

Frajka-Williams, E., Cunningham, S. A., Bryden, H. & King, B. A., 17 Nov 2011, In : Journal of Geophysical Research. 116, c11

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

File
20 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)