Daniëlle S W de Jonge

  • Scottish Marine Institute

    PA37 1QA Oban

    United Kingdom

Calculated based on number of publications stored in Pure and citations from Scopus
Calculated based on number of publications stored in Pure and citations from Scopus
20202023

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Personal profile

Research Interests

PhD student

I study the ecosystem that covers half our planet: deep soft sediments and their functioning. My research lives on the interface of ecology and biogeochemistry. I’m a marine biologist by training, with research experience in the deep Pacific and Atlantic. My expertise includes in situ benthic lander experiments, ex situ incubation experiments, stable isotope tracer experiments, trophic network assessments, marine image analysis, food-web and stability modelling, environmental DNA and metabarcoding.

PhD Project

iAtlantic: Assessing the impact of multiple environmental stressors on Atlantic Ocean deep-sea ecosystems

Climate change stressors will also impact soft sediment ecosystems in the deep sea, but it is unclear how and what the effects on wider ecosystem function. I look at how climate stressors may impact deep soft sediments from a multiple of angles:

1) I look at C cycling at eutrophic and oligotrophic abyssal sites using a linear inverse food-web model quantified with published data. How does C cycling through the abyssal food web at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (which is considered eutrophic i.e. relatively food rich) differ from the oligotrophic (i.e. relatively food poor) ocean gyre near Cabo Verde? Initial results show organisms have different contributions to C processing, meaning that a change in POM flux due to climate stressor will likely shift functioning of different organismal groups in the sediment. I hope to also be able to model stressors on these baseline models.

2) A stable isotope tracer experiment in the Cabo Verde abyssal basin was conducted in situ using a seafloor lander. The data tells us baseline functioning in this area: respiration rates, nutrient cycling, and relative importance of various organismal groups. It is the second study in the Atlantic Ocean to comprehensively look at functioning and specifically C cycling in multiple levels of the food-web from bacteria to macrofauna. The other study in the Atlantic was conducted at the Porcupine Abyssal plain, so results can be used in a space-for-time comparison, to infer how changing POM flux (which differs between studied sites) may impact ecosystem functioning in future climates.

3) Slope sediments from the Cabo Verde bathyal zone were exposed to stressors in shipboard incubations, and the response to the stressors measured using a stable isotope tracer experiment. We stressed the sediments with higher temperatures, reduced food quality, and both increased temperatures and reduced food quality. Initial results show temperature mainly impacts oxygen consumption rates, whereas food quality mainly impacts C processing by the organisms. The results will be studied for interactions between the stressors, and initial conclusions do suggest reduced C storage capability of deep sediments in future climates.

4) A baited camera seafloor lander was deployed at the Cabo Verde abyssal basin to study the scavenging activity of demersal scavengers (mostly fish, amphipods, and decapods) on either squid or fish bait. In changing climates, the composition of pelagic communities is shifting with one example being an increase in squid populations while fish populations are decreasing. Initial results show a significantly different scavenging reaction at squid bait compared to fish bait, with higher consumption rates, a different community composition and different successional dynamics at the squid bait. These initial results imply the composition of demersal scavengers might be altered with changing food-fall compositions, as scavenging species react different to bait types for example due to swimming speed and ability to detect the odour plume.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 14 - Life Below Water

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